Elements of the Reason behind Action for Abandonment
All the following five elements has to be present for a patient undertake a proper civil cause of action for your tort of abandonment:
1. Medical care treatment was unreasonably ceased.
2. The termination of medical care was contrary to the particular patient’s will or minus the patient’s knowledge.
3. The physician failed to arrange regarding care by another appropriate skilled physician.
4. The health care provider needs to have reasonably foreseen that problems for the patient would arise from your termination of the attention (proximate cause).
5. The patient actually endured harm or loss because of the discontinuance of attention.
Physicians, nurses, and other medical care professionals have an moral, as well as any legal, duty to steer clear of abandonment of patients. The health care professional features a duty to give their patient all necessary attention provided that the case required it and may not leave the patient in the critical stage without offering reasonable notice or making suitable arrangements for your attendance of another. 
Abandonment from the Physician
When a physician undertakes treatment of your patient, treatment must continue before the patient’s circumstances no longer warrant the procedure, the physician and the sufferer mutually consent to end the procedure by that physician, or the sufferer discharges the physician. Additionally, the physician may unilaterally terminate the partnership and withdraw from managing that patient only if she or he provides the patient proper notice of their intent to withdraw and a way to obtain proper substitute attention.
In the home well being setting, the physician-patient relationship will not terminate merely because any patient’s care shifts in its location from your hospital to the residence. If the patient continues to need medical services, supervised medical care, therapy, or other residence health services, the attending physician should ensure that he / she was properly discharged his or her-duties for the patient. Virtually every circumstance ‘in which home attention is approved by Medicare health insurance, Medicaid, or an insurer will be one when the patient’s ‘needs for attention have continued. The physician-patient relationship that existed inside the hospital will continue unless it is often formally terminated by notice for the patient and a reasonable try to refer the patient to a new appropriate physician. Otherwise, the physician will retain their duty toward the patient if the patient is discharged from your hospital to the residence. Failure to follow through on the part of the physician will make up the tort of abandonment in the event the patient is injured because of this. This abandonment may expose health related conditions, the hospital, and your home health agency to liability for your tort of abandonment.
The attending physician inside the hospital should ensure a proper referral was created to a physician who will lead to the home health patient’s care whilst it is being delivered from the home health provider, unless health related conditions intends to continue to be able to supervise that home attention personally. Even more crucial, if the hospital-based physician arranges to offer the patient’s care assumed simply by another physician, the patient must completely understand this change, and it must be carefully documented.
As reinforced by case law, the forms of actions that will cause liability for abandonment of your patient will include:
• premature discharge with the patient by the medical doctor
• failure of health related conditions to provide proper instructions before discharging the sufferer
• the statement from the physician to the affected person that the physician will not treat the patient
• refusal with the physician to respond to calls or further attend the affected person
• the physician’s leaving the sufferer after surgery or failing to check out up on postsurgical attention. 
Generally, abandonment does not occur in the event the physician responsible for the sufferer arranges for a replacement physician to take their place. This change may occur as a result of vacations, relocation of health related conditions, illness, distance from the particular patient’s home, or retirement with the physician. As long since care by an correctly trained physician, sufficiently knowledgeable with the patient’s special conditions, when any, has been set up, the courts will usually not find that abandonment provides occurred.  Even where a patient refuses to fund the care or struggles to pay for the attention, the physician is not necessarily at liberty to terminate the partnership unilaterally. The physician must still take steps to offer the patient’s care assumed by another  or give a sufficiently reasonable time frame to locate another ahead of ceasing to provide attention.
Although most of the particular cases discussed concern the particular physician-patient relationship, as described previously, the same principles connect with all health care suppliers. Furthermore, because the care rendered from the home health agency is provided pursuant with a physician’s plan of attention, even if the patient sued health related conditions for abandonment due to actions (or inactions of the property health agency’s staff), health related conditions may seek indemnification from your home health provider. 
ABANDONMENT FROM THE NURSE OR HOME WELL BEING AGENCY
Similar principles to those who apply to physicians connect with the home health professional as well as the home health provider. A property health agency, as the direct provider of care for the homebound patient, may be held for the same legal obligation and duty to supply care that addresses the particular patient’s needs as could be the physician. Furthermore, there could be both a legal and also an ethical obligation to carry on delivering care, if the sufferer has no alternatives. An ethical obligation may continue to exist to the patient although the home health service provider has fulfilled all legitimate obligations. 
When a property health provider furnishes treatment with a patient, the duty to continue providing care for the patient is a duty owed from the agency itself and not from the individual professional who will be the employee or the contractor with the agency. The home health provider won’t have a duty to continue providing the identical nurse, therapist, or aide to the sufferer throughout the treatment course, so long as the provider continues to use appropriate, competent personnel to administer the treatment course consistently with the program of care. From the particular perspective of patient pleasure and continuity of attention, it may be inside the best interests of the property health provider to try to provide the same individual practitioner for the patient. The development of your own relationship with the provider’s employees may improve communications plus a greater degree of trust and compliance on the part of the patient. It should help to alleviate lots of the problems that arise inside the health care’ setting.
In the event the patient requests replacement of your particular nurse, therapist, tech, or home health help, the home health provider still features a duty to provide care for the patient, unless the patient also specifically states they no longer desires the particular provider’s service. Home health agency supervisors should follow up on such patient requests to determine the reasons regarding the retrenchment, to detect “problem” staff, and to ensure no incident has brought place that might bring about liability. The home health organization should continue providing care for the patient until definitively told not to take action by the patient.